The associative, economic and political stakeholders concerned by noise pollution collectively drafted the Charter of Environmental Sound Quality, anticipating the provisions of Article L6361-6 of the Transportation Code.
In this domain, the airport constantly ensures maximum transparency through the following bodies:
- The environment reception service.
- The Permanent Committee.
- The Advisory Board for the Environment.
The rules of aerodynamics require planes to take off and land facing the wind.
This constraint accounts for changes in direction in the use of airport runways.
The airport has 2 parallel runways:
- Main runway (30R/12L) of 2600 meters.
- Secondary runway (30L/12R) of 1 000 meters.
Runway orientation is expressed in tens of degrees relative to magnetic north. QFU is expressed by a two digit number:
- QFU 12 for a 125 ° orientation relative to magnetic north.
- QFU 30 for a 305 ° orientation relative to magnetic north.
QFU is accompanied by a letter (R or L) to distinguish the right runway (R) from the left (L). A plane takes off and lands into the wind, so it uses a QFU as take-off and landing direction:
- QFU 30 for take-off or landing facing northwest.
- QFU 12 for take-off or landing facing southeast.
Trajectory of arrivals and departures for commercial aircraft
The trajectories for each direction of runway use show how the planes move towards the transfer points of the nearby control centres.
Case 1: Runways 30R and 30L in use for take-offs and landings facing northwest.
IMPROVEMENT OF TRAJECTORIES
Trajectories are primarily improved by:
- Minimizing flight over cities.
- Promoting the use of maritime space.
- Avoiding concentrations of pollution.
- Maintaining arrivals that fly over urban areas at sufficiently high altitudes.
In November 2007, the "Green" departure trajectory toward the Rhone Valley was commissioned. This trajectory is the result of consultation with municipalities adjacent to the airport, residents associations, airport operator, pilots, controllers, airlines and state services.
The main advantages are:
- A decrease in the number of people under the flight path.
- Flyover at higher altitude.
October 7, 2008, the aeronautical professions signed the Montpellier-Mediterranean Airport Environmental Code of Conduct. The air transport signatories agreed to make an active contribution to achieving the objectives of the charter of environmental sound quality. They drafted this code on the understanding that respect for the environment is a vital element in the sustainable development of air transport.
SIGNATORIES OF THE CODE OF CONDUCT
DGCA, airline companies, civil aviation trade unions, pilot’s trade unions, general aviation and flight schools, airport operator, airport assistants and maintenance companies.
Aircraft noise measurement uses a system of noise measurement and trajectory monitoring, with two fixed noise sensors, installed at Georges Brassens primary school in Baillargues, and Lycée Champollion in Lattes, with continuous recording.
This system integrates different data sources (acoustic, weather, trajectographic, aeronautical), which are then correlated and viewed on an IGN map background.
BODIES OF DIALOGUE AND COOPERATION
Airport operations cannot develop without fully integrating environmental factors, particularly noise pollution. In the prospect of sustainable development, the limited company of Montpellier Mediterranean Airport, together with the aeronautical professions, local municipalities, associations and the competent administrative bodies, carries out a policy to reduce the noise generated by air traffic. To achieve this, all the stakeholders hold regular meetings in the bodies set up for dialogue and consultation.
ADVISORY BOARD OF THE ENVIRONMENT (CCE)
Since its inception in 1991, the board is consulted annually on any important matters regarding the organization or operation of the aerodrome that could have an impact on the areas affected by noise.
The decree of November 5, 2014 renewed the Advisory Board on the Environment of the Montpellier Mediterranean Airport.
The Airport's Environmental Advisory Committee (EAC) has decided, in accordance with the provisions of the Environment Code, to set up a Standing Committee (SC), through which the EAC will exercise its role of monitoring the implementation of the Environmental Charter.
The Standing Committee is composed in the same way as the EAC, with 3 panels representing the aeronautical professions, local authorities and residents’ associations. The SC reports to the EAC on its work.
Its creation makes it easier to assemble a small working group (especially in the event of emergency) and to avoid the formalism of a prefectural decree.
ENVIRONEMENT RECEPTION CENTER
The Environment Reception Centre at the Airport is there to collect all complaints, comments and inquiries, and receive people from the surrounding municipalities
CONCTACT FOR THE ENVIRONEMENT RECEPTION SERVICE
Montpellier Mediterranean Airport SA
Quality - Environment - Airport Security ServiceC
S 10 001 - 34137 MAUGUIO CEDEX - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 67 20 86 99
Fax: +33 4 67 20 65 32
NOISE EXPOSURE MAP TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT
What is its purpose?
The Montpellier airport Noise Exposure Map should help protect the environment near the platform. Generally, these maps are designed to:
- Avoid new residents moving into noise areas.
- Enable future generations to develop an airport of European dimensions serving the Languedoc Roussillon region, thus promoting local economic development.
What is it?
The Map is illustrated by a graphic document of a scale of 1/25 000 showing the boundaries of the aerodrome, layout of the runways and noise contours delimiting zones A, B, C (optionally D), In different areas of the Map, planning rules have been defined. These are designed to prevent or reduce the possibilities of construction according to the vocation of buildings (especially in zones A, B and C). In Zone D, any new construction must provide soundproofing, and information must be issued to residents.
The Noise Exposure Map of Montpellier Mediterranean Airport was approved by the Prefect of Herault, on 15 February 2007.